All posts by Mike Price

Curiosity lands, powered by DOE RTG

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120806rtg

Light received an expanded definition, Compton received a Nobel Prize

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120809compton

OSTI partnerships make DOE R&D results more accessible

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120809osti

Interview with Dr. William F. Brinkman offers insights on Energy Department directions, R&D

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120824brinkman

Blog advises: Stop traipsing the World Wide Web, start searching WorldWideScience

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120829wws

Science.gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121009sciencegov

Apple Releases Security Update for OS X Server

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#apple_releases_security_update_for

Adobe Releases Security Advisory for Adobe Flash Player

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#adobe_releases_security_advisory_for16

Microsoft Releases February 2013 Security Bulletin

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#microsoft_releases_advanced_notification_for11

The Whirlpool Galaxy

The Whirlpool Galaxy

The Whirlpool Galaxy is a classic spiral galaxy. At only 30 million light years distant and fully 60 thousand light years across, M51, also known as NGC 5194, is one of the brightest and most picturesque galaxies on the sky. This image is a digital combination of a ground-based image from the 0.9-meter telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory and a space-based image from the Hubble Space Telescope highlighting sharp features normally too red to be seen.

Image Credit: NASA/Hubble

Article source: http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2457.html

DOE-supported researcher takes 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121026nobelprizechemistry

New Tool for Searching DOE Tech Transfer Info

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121204DOEtechtransfer

Ten years ago this month Science.gov was launched!

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121205Scigov10anniversary

Adobe Releases Security Update for Adobe Shockwave Player

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#adobe_releases_security_advisory_for17

Adobe Releases Security Update for Adobe Flash Player

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#adobe_releases_security_update_for9

Research In Motion Releases Security Update for BlackBerry Enterprise Server

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#research_in_motion_releases_security1

Updated Release of the February 2013 Oracle Java SE Critical Patch Update

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#updated_release_of_the_february

Adobe Releases Security Updates for Adobe Reader and Acrobat

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#adobe_releases_security_update_for10

Mozilla Releases Multiple Updates

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#mozilla_releases_multiple_updates4

Saturn’s North Polar Hexagon

Saturn’s North Polar Hexagon

Saturn’s north polar hexagon basks in the Sun’s light now that spring has come to the northern hemisphere. Many smaller storms dot the north polar region and Saturn’s signature rings, which appear to disappear on account of Saturn’s shadow, put in an appearance in the background.

The image was taken with the Cassini spacecraft’s wide-angle camera on Nov. 27, 2012 using a spectral filter sensitive to wavelengths of near-infrared light centered at 750 nanometers.

The view was acquired at a distance of approximately 403,000 miles (649,000 kilometers) from Saturn and at a Sun-Saturn-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 21 degrees. Image scale is 22 miles (35 kilometers) per pixel.

Image Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute

Article source: http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2456.html

Google Releases Google Chrome 25.0.1364.87

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#google_releases_google_chrome_25

Apple Releases Security Update for Java on OS X

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#apple_releases_security_update_for1

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#ongoing_malicious_cyber_activity_against

Disproving Physics Theory Bags 1957 Nobel Prize

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#130215accomp

Introducing The National Library of Energy (Beta), New Search Engine Facilitating Access to Department of Energy Information

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index

Office of Science Collaborates with Federal Partners to Plan for Comprehensive Public Access to Research Results

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#130222SC

Just How Big is the FHA?

The FHA has been in the headlines a lot recently. So have assertions regarding how large of a presence the institution has in the housing market. The FHA’s significance varies based on which benchmark you are measuring it next to; the total sales market, the purchase mortgage market, or the mortgage insurance market. But by whichever measure, the FHA’s role is on the decline. Regulatory changes to the secondary market must first take place, though, for the FHA to withdraw to its historic position.

How to Measure the FHA’s Market Share

The FHA insures mortgages made by private lenders so long as they pass certain quality standards. One means of assessing the size of the FHA’s role in the market is to measure the share of FHA’s purchase endorsements relative to total home sales (new and existing). This method has the advantage of excluding refinances, which are a smaller component of the FHA’s business. The FHA’s role in this total market peaked in 2010 at 24.6%, well above the pre-boom period when it averaged roughly 13%. The FHA’s share of this market has eased in recent years touching 14.6% in 2012. However, the count of new sales does not include condominiums making for an unclear comparison. Furthermore, a large portion of the total existing home sales market has been cash sales in recent years, so this measure may understate the FHA’s role.

A second way to view the FHA’s impact on the market is to look at its share of mortgage originations. This approach excludes cash sales. In the FHA’s most recent annual report to Congress, a chart (below) was published that makes this comparison [1]. As of the 3rd quarter of 2012, the FHA’s share of the purchase mortgage market was roughly 26%, down from a peak of 39% in the 4th quarter of 2009. Unfortunately, the chart only begins in 2003 when the housing boom was in full swing, so we can’t view the period prior to this distortion. Because one of the FHA’s main focuses is on providing credit access to first-time buyers, the FHA’s share of the refinance market, also depicted below, is much smaller.

As discussed earlier, the FHA provides mortgage insurance on mortgages originated by lenders. Consequently, a more appropriate measure might be to look at the FHA’s role relative to the universe of loans that carry mortgage insurance. The FHA’s role in this market eased from 2000 to 2006 as private mortgage insurance companies expanded into the credit-impaired portions of the market traditionally served by the FHA. However, private mortgage insurers’ share of the market plummeted between 2007 and 2009 as exploding default rates on their books of business forced them to take on more conservative underwriting standards. Despite higher average FICO scores in the subsequent years’ books of business and the same documentation and underwriting that lost the FHA market share during the boom, the FHA’s role expanded, peaking at 75% in 2010 during the 1st time buyer tax credit before easing to 45% in 2012.

A similar, though less dramatic pattern is seen when calculating market shares of the mortgage insurance market based on the number of policies written rather than by the dollar value of the policies. This is the methodology used by the General Accounting Office. Since the FHA does not operate in the jumbo sphere, private mortgage insurers’ role is larger when viewed by dollar volume of policies written. Still, the market share for private mortgage insurance calculated based on unit volume rose from 14.0% in 2010 to 19.5% by September of 2012. Conversely, the FHA’s market share eased from 71.6% to 56.7% over this same time frame. The VA gained in share over this period.

No matter how you measure it, the FHA’s role expanded tremendously in the wake of the housing bust. Recent changes have helped to foment modest gains in the private sector. However, fundamental changes involving transparency and investor trust will have to be overcome before the private sector will be fully restored.

Restoring the Role of the Private Sector

In an attempt to more rapidly eschew the private market back into its robust traditional role in mortgage finance, the FHA has instituted a number of increases to both its annual mortgage insurance premium and its upfront mortgage insurance premium. The annual mortgage premium charged on 30-year mortgages with downpayments less than 5% increased from 0.55% in 2010 to 1.25% in 2012 unless the loan was for more than $625,000 when it rose to 1.5%. These rates are set to rise further from 1.25% to 1.35% later in June. The result was the increase in the private mortgage insurance market since 2010 noted above.

The resurgent role of private mortgage insurers was also evident in the Federal Reserve’s annual report on data published as part of the Home Mortgage Disclosure Act [2]. The data show the number of private mortgage insurance policies rising for both purchases and refinances, but a significant 25% increase in purchase policies between 2010 to 2011 despite the end of the $8,000 tax credit for homebuyers.

This shift back to the private market highlights the FHA’s cyclical role in the housing market. During periods of economic recession (in yellow below) when the private sector (purchase and refinance) has withdrawn, the FHA expanded to fill the credit gap. With recovery of the economy, the FHA’s role eased giving way to the private sector.

Efforts to make the private market more competitive through higher fees at the FHA have paid modest dividends. However, down payments on conventional loans have risen in recent years as have upfront charges for loans financed by the GSEs (called loan level pricing adjustments) and representation and warranty risks, while investors have shown little appetite for private, high-LTV securitizations. The risk weighting scheme of Basel III could also hinder banks from making low down payment mortgages. Consequently, raising costs on savings-impaired home buyers without a viable private alternative will eventually price them out of the market.

Lenders received clarity on new origination standards with the release of the qualified mortgage rule (QM) in January. But fundamental changes to the structure of the secondary mortgage market are necessary before the role of the private market can be fully restored. Both the government and private sector issue mortgage backed securities (MBS), which are bundles of mortgages sold to investors. Investors in privately-issued mortgage backed securities (PLS) experienced severe losses during the housing bust and questions have been raised about the quality of loans in the securities. As a result, since the housing downturn investors have favored MBS backed by Ginnie Mae, Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac because of the government guarantee and stronger underwriting and transparency. This need to restore investor confidence is at the heart of the qualified residential mortgage (QRM) rule, which is to be decided later this year. Restoring investor demand is critical to strengthen the private sector.

The housing market experienced broad swings over the last decade and the FHA’s role fluctuated in response. Since 2011, the private market has experienced modest gains, but to fully restore its role in the market, lender and investor confidence must also be reestablished through balanced regulatory changes.

[1] http://portal.hud.gov/hudportal/documents/huddoc?id=F12MMIFundRepCong111612.pdf
[2] http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/bulletin/2012/PDF/2011_HMDA.pdf

Ken Fears, Manager, Regional Economics

Ken Fears is the Manager of Regional Economics. He focuses on regional and local market trends found in the Local Market Reports and the Market Watch Reports . He also writes on developments in the mortgage industry and foreclosures.

Article source: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/EconomistsOutlook/~3/y2-5qyxi6H4/

Article source: http://okrealestatevalue.com/2013/02/23/just-how-big-is-the-fha/

Consumer Price Inflation in January and Beyond

In each Economic Update, the Research staff analyzes recently released economic indicators and addresses what these indicators mean for REALTORS® and their clients. Today’s update discusses consumer price inflation.

  • The government reported no inflation in January. The consumer price index was unchanged in the past month and was also essentially unchanged for the past 4 months. From 12 months ago, CPI was up a tame 1.6 percent.
  • One important component of inflation, however, continues to be a menace on the higher side. Apartment rents were 2.7 percent higher from one year ago, and the murky owner-equivalent rents were up by 2.1 percent. The latter is a hypothetical figure of a rent that a homeowner would charge to rent out their home. Over time, the owner-equivalent rent should rise comparably with the apartment rent, which means owner-equivalent rent could be rising in the months ahead. Furthermore, apartment rent as measured by private organizations like REIS is showing a faster growth than as measured by the government statisticians. Rent is the biggest weight to the overall consumer price index.
  • Regarding other components, food prices rose by 1.6 percent from one year ago. Energy prices were 1.0 percent lower.
  • Regarding expenditures related to home operation, windows and flooring costs fell by 3.1 percent. Furniture prices were lower by 1.0 percent. Appliance prices were up less than 1.0 percent. Prices on Do-it-Yourself items like tools, hardware, and outdoor equipment were essentially unchanged.
  • New car prices were higher by 2.0 percent, while used car prices fell by 2.0 percent, reflecting a shift to more new car purchases and away from used cars. For those interested in bargains, they should note that car prices are much more volatile in the used car segment.
  • Based on February rises in energy prices, the upcoming CPI will show an upward trend. The rising rent for renters and homeowners will further put upward pressure on prices. Higher inflation will mean higher mortgage rates. Overall, the headline inflation will be manageable at around 2.0 to 2.5 percent in 2013. But a higher figure exceeding 3.0 percent should be expected in 2014 and 2015 because of the ultra-loose monetary policy of the Federal Reserve.

Lawrence Yun, Chief Economist

Lawrence Yun is Chief Economist and Senior Vice President of Research at NAR. He directs research activity for the association and regularly provides commentary on real estate market trends for its 1 million REALTOR® members.

Article source: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/EconomistsOutlook/~3/8fpzNlKRZOc/

Article source: http://okrealestatevalue.com/2013/02/23/consumer-price-inflation-in-january-and-beyond/

Initial Jobless Claims Up 20,000

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Article source: http://okrealestatevalue.com/2013/02/23/initial-jobless-claims-up-20000/