All posts by Mike Price

Fermi’s Motion Produces a Study in Spirograph

Fermi’s Motion Produces a Study in Spirograph

NASA’s Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope orbits our planet every 95 minutes, building up increasingly deeper views of the universe with every circuit. This image compresses eight individual frames, from a movie showing 51 months of position and exposure data by Fermi’s Large Area Telescope (LAT), into a single snapshot. The pattern reflects numerous motions of the spacecraft, including its orbit around Earth, the precession of its orbital plane, the manner in which the LAT nods north and south on alternate orbits, and more.

The LAT sweeps across the entire sky every three hours, capturing the highest-energy form of light — gamma rays — from sources across the universe. These range from supermassive black holes billions of light-years away to intriguing objects in our own galaxy, such as X-ray binaries, supernova remnants and pulsars.

Image Credit: NASA/DOE/Fermi LAT Collaboration

Article source: http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2459.html

From accident to lab to Nobel Prize: Read about Alan MacDiarmid and plastic batteries

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120629macdiarmid

Science.gov Mobile makes a second Top Ten list

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120702scigov

Clemson in the Spotlight at .EDUconnections

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120702edu

Sixty-Five Years of Listening, Learning and Strengthening: OSTI brings DOE research to the world

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120702osti

Stay up-to-date on OSTI news and views, get the OSTI.gov Newsletter

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120727osti

Science Accelerator Undergoes an Upgrade!

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#130227sa

Winter Storm across Central United States

Winter Storm Across Central United States

In late February 2013, a major snowstorm made its way across the continental United States, dropping snow from Colorado to the Great Lakes region. The National Weather Service reported snow totals of five to eight inches in many parts of the Central Plains and Upper Mississippi River Valley. Some parts of the Central Plains experienced snowfall rates as high as four inches per hour, along with thundersnow.

The Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) on the Suomi NPP satellite captured this nighttime view at 1:55 a.m. CST on February 23. This imagery is from the VIIRS “day-night band,” which detects light in a range of wavelengths from green to near-infrared. The day-night band takes advantage of moonlight, airglow, and starlight to brighten the landscape and uses filtering techniques to observe signals such as city lights and snow cover. On the night of this image, the Moon was nearly full.

City lights glow like clusters of stars against a backdrop of grey and black in this image. The snow appears medium gray, and stretches from northern Texas to the Dakotas, and from the Rocky Mountain states eastward past Chicago. When VIIRS acquired this image, snow cover across multiple states had persisted since the previous night.

Image Credit: NASA/Suomi NPP

Article source: http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2458.html

FHFA, Case-Shiller Home Prices

Danielle Hale, Research Economist

As a Research Economist at NAR, Danielle studies tax issues, the wealth impact of home ownership, and different measures of home prices.

Article source: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/EconomistsOutlook/~3/RVagJ697qew/

Article source: http://okrealestatevalue.com/2013/02/27/fhfa-case-shiller-home-prices/

New Home Sales Positive

In each Economic Update, the Research staff analyzes recently released economic indicators and addresses what these indicators mean for REALTORS® and their clients. Today’s update discusses new home sales.

  • The figures for new home sales, contracts and not actual closings, were very positive today.
  • New home sales in January jumped 15.6% from an upwardly revised December figure of 378,000 (vs. 369,000 initial estimate).
  • Relative to last year, new home sales in January were 28.9% stronger, but the median price was only 2.1% higher.  The median home price for new construction in January remained 30% higher than the median price of existing home sales.
  • While construction has ramped up in recent quarters, inventories continued to edge lower reaching 4.1 months in January.  That is the 12th consecutive month below a supply of 5 months and the lowest since March of 2005.
  • Continued growth of new sales will help to stimulate new construction which is good for the economy and employment.  However, only so many new homes can be sold as long as inventories remain tight and construction lags to keep up with demand.

Ken Fears, Manager, Regional Economics

Ken Fears is the Manager of Regional Economics. He focuses on regional and local market trends found in the Local Market Reports and the Market Watch Reports . He also writes on developments in the mortgage industry and foreclosures.

Article source: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/EconomistsOutlook/~3/q3I6n8vYTJ0/

Article source: http://okrealestatevalue.com/2013/02/27/new-home-sales-positive/

Economy Advances 2.2 Percent in 2012

Based on early estimates, economic activity closed 2012 on a mixed note. Though gross domestic product grew at 2.2 percent for the whole year, the fourth quarter results were disappointing, showing a 0.1 percent decline. A large 22.2 percent cut in defense spending at the federal level (coming after a surprisingly high defense spending growth in the prior quarter) and a large negative change in private business inventories were key reasons for the mild contraction in the economy.

The year-end brought closure to several sources of uncertainty while opening new ones. The presidential election is over and the “fiscal cliff” uncertainty was partially solved by allowing some provisions to revert to normal (the payroll tax returning to 6.2 percent), while kicking the can down the road on others (sequestration). The housing market continued to firm up nicely with housing starts recording 27 percent gain for the year while new home sales rose 20.0 percent from the prior year. Existing home sales grew by 9.0 percent during the year, with shrinking inventories driving up prices of existing homes. Rising homes prices elevated homeowners’ housing equity by $1.5 trillion over the past two years. The housing wealth gain is helping consumers to hum along at around 2 percent growth. In light of these factors, SIOR members recorded a positive fourth quarter.

Looking at the yearly economic activity as measured by gross domestic product (GDP), most major components posted positive growth. Based on the Bureau of Economic Analysis’s first estimate, both consumers and businesses increased their spending over 2012. Consumer spending rose 1.9 percent during the year, driven by a 7.8 percent rise in expenditures on durable goods. Consumers spent more in 2012 on cars (up 7.7%), furnishings and household equipment (up 5.8%), as well as recreational goods and vehicles (up 10.9%). Consumers spending on services also increased, by a more modest 1.3 percent.

Private businesses, while maintaining a cautious attitude given the uncertainties present during 2012, upped their spending by 7.7 percent over the year, the second highest annual rate since the recession. This increase was welcoming given the possibility of stalling from the fiscal cliff news headlines throughout the quarter. Spending on commercial structures rose 9.6 percent, in a positive turn for commercial real estate. Companies also spent more on equipment and software, especially transportation equipment, which increased 17.8 percent during the year. Spending on industrial equipment advanced 7.0 percent, while on information processing it grew by 3.8 percent.

The winds of international trade blew favorably for U.S. companies during 2012. Both exports and imports increased during the year, by 3.2 percent and 2.5 percent, respectively. Benefitting from a competitive exchange rate, U.S. companies increased their exports of goods by 4.0 percent and services by 1.3 percent. In addition, import of goods also rose, by 2.2 percent, providing strong demand for the industrial sector. The net exports figure was a positive $2.5 billion for the year.

Government spending declined 1.7 percent, driven by budget cuts at federal, state and local levels. At the federal level, both defense and nondefense cuts added to a 2.2 percent decrease in spending. Still working through lower revenues, state and local governments continued to slash spending by 1.3 percent.

On the employment front, despite a midyear slump, the overall picture was positive—the economy recorded a net 2.2 million new jobs, the strongest yearly growth in the past three years. Added to the totals from 2010 and 2011, there have been 4.9 million new jobs added post-recession. Given the 8.7 million jobs lost during the recession, it is obvious that we still have a large gap remaining. However, the trend is encouraging.

The forecast is for GDP growth of 2.3 percent in 2013 with another 2 million jobs added to the economy. Though improving, the sub-par recovery performance will keep the unemployment rate well above 7.0 percent throughout this year.

Commercial Real Estate

With modestly improving macroeconomic conditions, commercial markets across the country notched noticeable growth. As employment in office-centered industries continued to rise, demand for office buildings advanced. For office properties, net absorption is expected to total 33.9 million square feet this year, leading to a projected 15.9 percent vacancy rate at the close of the year. The decline in vacancy is expected to be accompanied by a 2.6 percent rise in rents.

With growing trade, demand for industrial spaces remained strong, as leasing activity increased in the fourth quarter. Absorption in the industrial sector is expected to reach 121.8 million square feet this year, resulting in a 9.5 percent vacancy rate and a 2.3 percent rent rise.

With cautious consumers keeping spending on a moderate path, the retail sector is expected to absorb a net 11.9 million square feet this year. Retail availability will likely decline to 10.6 percent for the year, and rent will rise 1.5 percent.

The apartment rental market continues to perform strongly and is expected to post good results for the year. Net absorption is expected to exceed 270,000 units this year, keeping the vacancy rate at 3.9 percent (from 5.2% in 2011). Rent is projected to rise 4.6 percent this year and an additional 4.7 percent in 2014.

For the Commercial Real Estate Outlook report, visit http://www.realtor.org/reports/commercial-real-estate-market-outlook.

George Ratiu, Research Economist

George Ratiu, Research Economist, writes regular economic columns and conducts research in the areas of commercial real estate, international investments, mortgage performance and foreclosures. He produces NAR’s Commercial Real Estate Outlook and manages quantitative surveys, including the Commercial Real Estate Quarterly Market Survey.

Article source: http://feedproxy.google.com/~r/EconomistsOutlook/~3/Vw9siNH8ZWI/

Article source: http://okrealestatevalue.com/2013/02/27/economy-advances-2-2-percent-in-2012/

Curiosity lands, powered by DOE RTG

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120806rtg

Light received an expanded definition, Compton received a Nobel Prize

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120809compton

OSTI partnerships make DOE R&D results more accessible

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120809osti

Interview with Dr. William F. Brinkman offers insights on Energy Department directions, R&D

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120824brinkman

Blog advises: Stop traipsing the World Wide Web, start searching WorldWideScience

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#120829wws

Science.gov, Now with Multimedia, New Search Features

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [
    <!–view video and –>
    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121009sciencegov

Apple Releases Security Update for OS X Server

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#apple_releases_security_update_for

Adobe Releases Security Advisory for Adobe Flash Player

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#adobe_releases_security_advisory_for16

Microsoft Releases February 2013 Security Bulletin

Ongoing Malicious Cyber Activity Against U.S. Government and Private Sector Entities

added Friday, February 22, 2013 at 8:58 am

Various cyber actors have engaged in malicious activity against U.S. Government and private sector entities. The apparent objective of this activity has been the theft of intellectual property, trade secrets, and other sensitive business information. The malicious actors have employed a variety of techniques to infiltrate targeted organizations, establish a foothold, penetrate throughout the targets’ networks, and steal confidential or proprietary data. The United States Department of Homeland Security, in collaboration with the Federal Bureau of Investigation and other partners, has released a Joint Indicator Bulletin (JIB) through secure channels. This JIB contains cyber threat indicators that will enable public and private sector critical infrastructure partners to take action to mitigate adverse impacts from this activity and protect their sensitive information.

This traffic light protocol green JIB contains internet protocol addresses, domain names, and malware indicators associated with malicious data exfiltration activity. Confirmed members of the cybersecurity community of practice, which may include critical infrastructure owners and operators, systems administrators, and information security practitioners, may request a copy of this bulletin by contacting soc@us-cert.gov with the subject “JIB Request,� and including the requestor’s name and affiliation.

Article source: http://www.us-cert.gov/current/#microsoft_releases_advanced_notification_for11

The Whirlpool Galaxy

The Whirlpool Galaxy

The Whirlpool Galaxy is a classic spiral galaxy. At only 30 million light years distant and fully 60 thousand light years across, M51, also known as NGC 5194, is one of the brightest and most picturesque galaxies on the sky. This image is a digital combination of a ground-based image from the 0.9-meter telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory and a space-based image from the Hubble Space Telescope highlighting sharp features normally too red to be seen.

Image Credit: NASA/Hubble

Article source: http://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2457.html

DOE-supported researcher takes 2012 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121026nobelprizechemistry

New Tool for Searching DOE Tech Transfer Info

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human can convert almost a ton of ATP daily. Research examining ATP synthase, the enzyme responsible for synthesizing ATP, netted Paul D. Boyer a share of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1997. At OSTI’s Information Bridge, you can read related research on ATP, by either performing a search or by viewing the ATP featured documents list. Information Bridge provides free public access to full-text documents and bibliographic citations of DOE research report literature. Information Bridge contains documents and citations in physics, chemistry, materials, biology, environmental sciences, energy technologies, engineering, computer and information science, renewable energy, and other topics of interest related to DOE’s mission.

  • Top Quark Research Featured at OSTI

    The top quark is unique among the six predicted quarks because of its large mass. That’s one reason scientists persist in their enthusiastic study of this fundamental particle of nature.

    “If we can measure its properties precisely, we’re likely to gain insight into completely new physics,” Fermilab theorist Tim Tait states in “Why We Care About the Top Quark:  CDF Explains”. This and other top quark articles, Web sites and research documents are featured at the OSTI Web resource DOE RD Accomplishments. What was the research environment one year prior to the remarkable discovery of the top quark? Find out in the 1994 DOE Report, “The Top Quark – Is it There?” Physicists at the U.S. Department of Energy Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory announced the discovery of the top quark in 1995 and continue to carry out research in high-energy physics to answer the questions: What is the universe made of? How does it work? Where did it come from? DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

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Posted March 20, 2007

  • DOE Center Provides the Latest in Federal Science Software Packages

    You can search and order the latest in federal science software packages from the Energy Science and Technology Software Center (ESTSC), hosted by OSTI. The ESTSC is the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) centralized software management facility. The collection contains software developed by the national labs, other facilities and DOE contractors; as well as selected scientific and technical software from the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). Software packages in the collection can be used for many different applications and are designed to run on personal computers, workstations, mainframes, and super computers. At the ESTSC Web site you can search the collection, get ordering information, view the most requested packages, see what’s new in software, and contact technical support. ESTSC will begin to process an order for scientific and technical software the day it is received if the payment and signed site license agreement forms are in order. Normally orders are processed within three to five days.

  • Visit ScienceLab and Get Quick Access to Educational Resources at DOE National Labs

    Where can you read about artic wolves, coral reefs, energy hog and secrets of the sea; as well as perform virtual frog dissections and take particle adventures? At ScienceLab, OSTI’s online source for science stuff. Get homework help, find fun experiments, discover science fair ideas and mine a wealth of classroom resources at this Web site designed to help students, teachers and parents find the science information they need. ScienceLab is sectioned by grade level, with an Elementary Lab, a Middle School Lab, and a High School Lab available. A Teachers’ Lab with lesson plans is offered. Find information on internships, science art and music, science careers and more. Links are provided to DOE National Laboratory educational resources.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Initiative with Google Cited

    OSTI is one of three federal government Web sites to make their content accessible for commercial search engines, according to a February 21, 2007 Government Executive article, “ Google moves ahead with plan to open up federal Web sites.” OSTI took the initiative to pioneer government information exposure to commercial search engines supporting the Sitemap Protocol, and since that time Google has used the OSTI example to demonstrate its Sitemap Protocol. OSTI submitted the Google sitemap for its home page in April 2006. In addition, Google founder Larry Page spoke to scientists at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting in San Francisco in February, and stressed the importance of access to scientific information, saying, “We have to unlock the wealth of scientific knowledge and get it to everyone.” Currently, about half of OSTI’s Web traffic (close to 80-million information transactions per year) stems from referrals from Google, Yahoo! and MSN. OSTI currently supplies the highest volume of data of federal Web sites via this new Sitemap Protocol. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted March 6, 2007

  • OSTI Participates in Workshop to Promote Multilateral Exchange of Energy Research Information

    Through its involvement with the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE), OSTI participated in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) Networks of Expertise in Energy Technology workshop, held in Johannesburg, South Africa, February 20–22 (view press release and presentations/outcomes ). The purpose of the workshop was to explore mutually beneficial collaboration opportunities between South Africa and the IEA’s energy technology network (including ETDE). ETDE was formed in 1987 under the IEA. Currently, more than 15 countries share their energy research and technology information through the Web version of ETDE’s Energy Database, ETDEWEB. The ETDE agreement is managed by OSTI in its role as Operating Agent. The information collection, which totals more than 3.8-million items, is made available to U.S. researchers by OSTI. OSTI is the U.S. member of ETDE.

Posted March 6, 2007

  • Listen to OSTI Podcasts, Recently Updated

    Tune in to news on OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network, and on OSTI’s Solar Energy feature at the DOE RD Accomplishments site. OSTI podcasts allow users to download OSTI news to a portable digital audio player, enabling you to listen to OSTI news whenever you like.

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Posted March 6, 2007

  • Paul Boyer, 1997 Nobel Prize Winner, Featured at OSTI

    He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer’s documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer’s work. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.

Released February 16, 2007

  • Science.gov 4.0 Launched

    Science.gov launched Version 4.0 in San Francisco on Friday, February 16, at the American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting . This latest version deploys DeepRank, which allows search and relevancy ranking across full text of documents when full text is available. In addition, Science.gov 4.0 adds a “refine results” option to narrow returns within a search, as well as an “e-mail results” feature so that individuals may e-mail important science information to themselves, friends and family, or colleagues. Version 4.0 offers more ways to view search results: by title, author or date, as well as by relevancy rank or source, as in earlier versions. OSTI hosts Science.gov, the interagency portal to federal scientific databases and Web sites. [

    Download fact sheet (239-KB PDF).]

Posted February 6, 2007

  • OSTI to Participate in Nano Workshop in Oak Ridge

    OSTI will participate in the Informatics Needs for Nanomaterials Workshop being held February 8-9, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The workshop is hosted by Informatics Research Library in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, and is the first of a series of workshops to address the informatics needs in nanotechnology. OSTI Director Walt Warnick will give a presentation, “Speeding Up Nano Progress Using Information Diffusion.” Participants include researchers from universities, federal facilities and industry, and leaders in the field of nanotechnology, including representatives of the National Nanotechnology Coordination Office in Arlington, Virginia; the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences; and the Nanotechnology Characterization Laboratory for the National Cancer Institute in Frederick, Maryland. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

Posted January 23, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Agreement Signed in London

    A Statement of Intent (215-KB PDF) to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway was signed Sunday, January 21, by Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science of the U.S. Department of Energy, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library .

    DOE Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach (right) and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive, the British Library, signed a statement of intent to partner in the development of a global science gateway
    Dr. Raymond Orbach, Under Secretary for Science, and Lynne Brindley, Chief Executive of the British Library sign a Statement of Intent to partner in the development of a searchable global science gateway.

    The gateway would eventually make science information resources of many nations accessible via a single Internet portal. The signing ceremony was held at the British Library in London, England, in conjunction with the Winter Meeting of the International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI) . Invitations to other nations to join the partnership were extended. OSTI is the Energy Department’s representative to ICSTI. OSTI will take the lead in developing a Science.world prototype by the end of 2007. The U.S. science gateway, Science.gov, is anticipated as the first U.S. contribution to Science.world. OSTI hosts and has operated Science.gov since its inception in 2002. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted January 23, 2007

Posted January 9, 2007

  • OSTI Sends Solar Energy Info to Public

    The sun’s heat and light provide an abundant source of energy that can be harnessed in many ways. You can read more and find a wide range of solar energy information through OSTI’s Solar Energy Web page. Sun From educational materials to radiation resource information, OSTI has pulled together one-stop access to Department of Energy solar energy resources, as well as a listing of featured documents on solar energy research. DOE has played a major role in solar energy research and development. As a result of solar RD, the “cost of solar energy has been reduced 100-fold over the past two decades” (from DOE’s Making Solar Energy More Affordable). OSTI’s Solar Energy page is part of OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. Technical reports on solar energy are available through OSTI’s Information Bridge. For additional featured solar information, visit OSTI’s RD Nuggets page.

Article source: http://www.osti.gov/news/index#121204DOEtechtransfer

Ten years ago this month Science.gov was launched!

Posted December 18, 2007

Released December 5, 2007

  • Science.gov Celebrates 5th Anniversary

    The science gateway that makes science information more accessible and useful to researchers, teachers, and learners wherever they are located commemorated its 5th Anniversary today (see press release).

Posted December 4, 2007

  • One step closer to vaccine for Lyme disease

    Brookhaven biologist John DunnScientists at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory and collaborators at Stony Brook University have received a patent for developing chimeric, or “combination,” proteins that may advance the development of vaccines and diagnostic tests for Lyme disease. Lyme disease is the most common vector-borne disease in the U.S., and is spread by the bite of an infected deer tick. “This [research] could lead to a vaccine that is effective at different stages of the organism’s life cycle,” said Brookhaven biologist John Dunn, a researcher on the BNL Lyme disease team. Read about this and other patents supported through DOE at DOepatents, a central collection of the Department’s patent information from the 1940s to today.

Posted November 20, 2007

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Posted November 6, 2007

Posted October 23, 2007

Posted October 9, 2007

  • Meet ‘Otisco’ – a Shrub Bred for Speed

    Meet Otisco, a fast-growing shrub willow that is resistant to disease and pests, hardy on a variety of sites, and can be harvested at a rapid rate for high yields of biomass – perfect for a sustainable, renewable source of energy. This novel hybridization of Salix viminalis with Salix miyabeana [319-KB PDF] was patented in September, and is on the recent inventions list at the DOepatents Database. DOepatents, developed and maintained by OSTI, is the U.S. Department of Energy’s central collection of searchable patent information. The database makes available more than 20,000 historic and current patent records.

  • Wolfgang Panofsky Dead at 88, Bibliography Featured at Energy Citations Database

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky

    Wolfgang K. H. “Pief”, Panofsky , a renowned particle physics researcher, accelerator builder, outspoken arms control advocate, and administrator of basic research, died September 25, 2007. Dr. Panofsky was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1969 and the U.S. Department of Energy’s Enrico Fermi Award in 1979. A featured bibliography of Dr. Panofsky is available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Energy Citations Database provides free access to over two million science research citations from 1948 through the present.

  • Seaborg Award Winner’s Documents Featured

    Saed Mirzadeh

    Saed Mirzadeh, whose work at Oak Ridge National Laboratory has led to development of new treatments for cancer and other diseases, is the recipient of the American Nuclear Society’s 2007 Seaborg Medal Award . A selection of Dr. Mirzadeh’s documents are featured at OSTI’s Information Bridge. Information Bridge provides free access to full-text documents and citations of DOE’s research report literature.

     

     

     

     

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Posted September 25, 2007

  • OSTI 60th Anniversary Commemorated

    Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science

    On September 18, 2007, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) commemorated its 60-year contribution to accelerating scientific discovery through the preservation and sharing of DOE RD results. Historical exhibits and a program for retirees, former and current employees, and business and community leaders were held at the OSTI facility in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, Associate Under Secretary for Science; Dr. Eugene Garfield , Chairman Emeritus of Thomson Scientific; and Dr. Walter Warnick, OSTI Director, were speakers. U.S. Congressman Zach Wamp delivered pre-recorded video comments. During the event, the launch of DOePatents, a new Web site developed by OSTI, was announced. That evening OSTI co-hosted with Friends of Oak Ridge National Library a free community lecture by Dr. Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, at the American Museum of Science and Energy . As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the museum.

  • OSTI Develops New Online Search Tool for Patents

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) launched a new Web site, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.“From helping the blind to see again to identifying hidden weapons through holographic computerized imaging technology, DOE has supported and will continue to support research addressing some of the world’s most pressing scientific challenges,” Under Secretary for Science Dr. Raymond L. Orbach said. “Content within DOepatents represents a truly impressive demonstration of DOE research and development and technological innovation.” The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present.

  • OSTI Showcases DOE Research Taking Aim at Cancer

    DOE research has made many contributions over the years to radiation and cancer therapy, including PEREGRINE and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT). OSTI’s DOE Accomplishments Web site recently featured these revolutionary tools. Also included at the site are more resources and additional information on this topic. DOE Accomplishments is a central forum for information about remarkable advances in science through past DOE RD.

Released September 18, 2007

  • DOE Launches New Online Search Tool for Patents, 1940s to Present

    DOE today announced the launch of a website, DOepatents, which allows search and retrieval of information from a collection of more than 20,000 patent records.  The database represents a growing collection of patents resulting from RD supported by DOE and demonstrates the Department’s considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to the present (see press release).

Posted September 11, 2007

  • OSTI Joins Places Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

    Researchers in Select Topics of Astrophysics

    As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy . OSTI’s Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI’s display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

  • Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

    The public is invited to share in OSTI’s 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy . Dr. Eugene Garfield , a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present “Standing on the Shoulders of Giants – tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy.” Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

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Released August 27, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing

    It was just over 60 years ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, TN, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) was born. On Sept. 18, OSTI, within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science, will commemorate its 60th Anniversary (see press release).

Posted August 21, 2007

  • Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

    Science Accelerator

    The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

  • WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

    WorldWideScience.org

    WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all six inhabited continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research . OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources. The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961 , seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: “Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine.”

  • DOE RD Accomplishments Database Enhanced

    DOE RD Accomplishments

    OSTI recently enhanced the DOE RD Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people’s lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An RD accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE RD Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the RD Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

  • Energy Department National Labs highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments

    Now you can read about the history and achievements of DOE’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE RD Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE RD activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

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Posted August 7, 2007

  • Fusion Advocate Featured at OSTI

    A featured bibliography of Dr. Michael Roberts, a major player in the fusion community for over 40 years, is now available at OSTI’s Energy Citations Database. Dr. Roberts was instrumental in ensuring President Reagan and President Gorbachev discussed the ITER burning plasma experiment during their 1985 Geneva Summit. According to a DOE Office of Science news release, “His vision and constant willingness to press ahead has culminated in the agreement to build ITER with seven international partners.” Roberts was honored by President Bush with the 2006 Presidential Rank Award for Meritorious Executives. Until his retirement in 2006, Dr. Roberts was Director of the ITER and International Division in the Fusion Energy Sciences program of the DOE Office of Science.

  • Muon-Neutrino Research Turned into a Nobel-Prize Winning Accomplishment

    Jack Steinberger and Brookhaven National Laboratory colleagues won the 1988 Nobel Prize for the 1962 discovery of the Muon-Neutrino. The work showed that particles are associated in particular ways, and that there are different neutrino families. Steinberger’s work and documents are featured at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site. DOE RD Accomplishments highlights outcomes of past research and development that has had significant economic impact, improved people’s lives, or been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. Links to additional Web sites and documents are available.

Posted July 24, 2007

  • OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

    OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department’s non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text.  While OSTI’s databases make the Department’s text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI’s data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Posted July 10, 2007

  • Life’s Little Extremists Highlighted at OSTI

    Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for “ancient”), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science’s Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of  Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the “third branch of life” (see Verifying the “Third Branch of Life”). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Released June 28, 2007

  • OSTI Pact with Internet Archive Ensures Uninterrupted Research Access

    One sure thing about the World Wide Web: Like the weather, it will change. Given this dynamic nature of the Web and the importance of preservation of scientific information in a digital environment, OSTI recently partnered with Internet Archive to ensure uninterrupted access to more than 1 million online research papers from the E-print Network.

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Posted June 28, 2007

  • Global Science Gateway Opened

    DOE and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, recently opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org, was developed and is maintained by the DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information. It gives citizens, researchers, and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo!, and many other commercial search engines.

    “Scientific research results are archived globally in a plethora of sources, many unknown and unreachable through usual search engines,” Dr. Raymond L. Orbach, DOE Under Secretary for Science, said. “This international partnership will open up this vast reservoir of knowledge in a rapid and convenient manner, something that will add great value to our existing knowledge.” Please see the DOE press release: Global Science Gateway Now Open and listen to the WorldWideScience.org podcast.

Posted June 19, 2007

  • Find Current DOE Research Projects at OSTI Web Site

    OSTI’s DOE RD Project Summaries searchable database now has over 35,000 files available for public access. The database provides access to summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects performed by DOE laboratories and research facilities. These projects pertain to a variety of research and development (RD) disciplines, such as science, fossil energy, environmental management, and energy efficiency and renewable energy. Developed by OSTI as a means for DOE to educate and inform the general public of its RD activities, the database includes projects the Department sponsored through a variety of funding mechanisms, including grants, contracts, or cooperative agreements.

Released June 5, 2007

  • OSTI Helps Citizens Find DOE Legacy Research

    A free online tool for search and retrieval of legacy research sponsored by and/or related to DOE has been enhanced. Now, citizens and researchers can retrieve science information from 1948 to the present using an “alerts” service, a “refine search” tool, new fielded search options, navigation enhancements, and featured highlights. Developed with the science-attentive citizen in mind, ECD (or Energy Citations Database) includes bibliographic citations of literature in disciplines of interest to DOE such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, computer science, and related disciplines. It includes citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents.

Posted June 5, 2007

  • DOE Gray Literature Now Registered with CrossRef

    Through a partnership with CrossRef , a robust citation linking service, OSTI has completed registration of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs) to more than 86,000 research reports from Information Bridge. (Please see CrossRef press release .) DOE is the first federal government agency to have its technical reports registered with CrossRef. A DOI provides a way to track, exchange, and manage content over time in the digital universe, regardless of changing information related to that content. This facilitates electronic access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking. Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI, commented, “Coupling the vast resources available on OSTI’s Information Bridge with the capabilities of CrossRef speeds access to DOE scientific and technical literature, placing it on the same footing as journal articles in terms of reference linking.”

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Posted May 15, 2007

  • “Adventurer Physicist” Highlighted at OSTI

    Considered an ‘adventurer physicist’ (see ScienceMatters@Berkeley ), Luis W. Alvarez searched for hidden chambers in an Egyptian pyramid, analyzed the film documenting John F. Kennedy’s assassination, and flew in the plane that trailed the aircraft that dropped the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Along the way, Alvarez developed the proton linear accelerator and won the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physics for contributions to elementary particle physics. OSTI’s DOE RD Accomplishments Web site showcases Alvarez documents and resources with additional information. DOE RD Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE research and development that have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Posted May 2, 2007

  • OSTI Celebrates 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing, 1947–2007

    OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007Throughout its 60-year history, OSTI has been committed to ensuring U.S. citizens have appropriate access to their government’s research results. In 1958, OSTI shipped 25 tons of materials to the Geneva Conference; in 2007, projections are for 80 million Web transactions through OSTI databases. Read about OSTI’s early days, download printable historical posters, and listen to the 60th Anniversary podcast at OSTI’s 60 Years of Knowledge Sharing Web site. While there, be sure and link to OSTI’s suite of Web products to search for and find scientific research results. To advance science, research must be shared. OSTI works to accelerate the sharing of knowledge to speed discovery.

  • Get Science—Access E-print Network for Current Research Documents, Researchers’ Web Sites, and Scientific Societies

    E-print Network

    Gain access to more than 1 million e-print science documents, over 25,000 Web sites, and links to more than 2,900 scientific societies at OSTI’s E-print Network, a fast-growing searchable scientific communications network. By linking to publicly accessible sites around the world, the E-print Network makes available a search of information in basic and applied sciences, primarily in physics but also chemistry, biology and life sciences, materials science, nuclear sciences and engineering, energy research, computer and information technologies, and other disciplines of interest to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Most documents included in the network are recent scientific papers. Scientific Web sites are organized by scientific disciplines and an Alert Service is available.

  • Science.gov Selected to Library Journal’s 2006 Best Web References List

    Science.gov 4.0According to Library Journal, Science.gov “is the place to go for science information and results of scientific research.” Each year Library Journal selects best Web references for its patrons: library directors, managers, and others in public, academic, and corporate/institutional libraries. Science.gov, a collaborative effort of 12 federal science agencies, provides a search of deep Web databases and more than 50 million pages of scientific information. It serves as a gateway to more than 1,800 scientific Web sites. Science.gov is hosted by OSTI. [You may be directed to non-federal databases or Web sites. OSTI is not responsible for the content, design, format, or maintenance of these pages.]

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Posted April 18, 2007

Posted April 4, 2007

  • Called a “molecular machine,” ATP, or adenosine triphosphate, helps churn energy for all living creatures. In fact, a hard-working human